12 Controversial and Mind-Boggling Theories That Suggest Jesus Didn’t Even Exist

As the world evolves and we gain more information about our past, an increasing number of people and controversial theories suggest that Jesus might have never existed at all. If He did, He would have been just a myth created by early Christians, or He could also have been a representation of other historical figures in the ancient world. These theories have long been a topic for heated debates, and while Christians argue that faith is a matter of believing in things unseen, some can’t shake off their need for concrete proof and evidence of His existence.

Jesus’s Coming Was Never Mentioned in the Old Testament

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The Old Testament is packed full of prophecies that God has fulfilled. Because of this, some argue that if Jesus were indeed the Messiah, the Son of God, or at least someone of importance, why wasn’t He mentioned in the Old Testament? An article from Medium shares, “Did the prophets actually write about the coming of Jesus? The short, unobtrusive answer is no: Jesus is not prophesied even once in the Old Testament—not as a Savior nor as even a Messiah.”

“Christ” Is Just an English Translation of the Hebrew Term for “Messiah”

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Another important tidbit of information is that “Christ” is just an English translation of the Hebrew term for “Messiah.” In the Old Testament, whenever God punishes an evil, He raises an “anointed” person—a prophet or person who would lead people back to Him. In Hebrew, this “person whom God anoints” is called the “Mashiach.” Coincidentally, “Mashiach” in Greek is “Christos,” which then translates to “Christ” in English. Given this argument, whomever God anoints is the messiah; therefore, even Moses himself could be considered a messiah.

Jesus Christ Was Not the Main Character Mentioned in the New Testament

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Some would argue that Jesus Christ shouldn’t have been mentioned in the Old Testament because it was before His time; given this, it should only be fitting that He’s the main character in the New Testament, right? Well, though Jesus does exist and is mentioned in the New Testament, many feel as if He isn’t the main character of it. Instead, the main character of the Book of Revelation seems to be “the Lamb,” which is only an astral being seen in visions. “Jesus” was mentioned only seven times, “Christ” only four, and “Jesus Christ” all but two times!

The Gospels Originally Had an Unknown Origin

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The four gospels—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—outline the significant events that happened during Jesus’s life, and therefore, they could be helpful evidence of His existence on Earth as the Son of God. However, many people see an issue here as Irenaeus of Lyon only labeled the four gospels in 180 CE. The Catholic Encyclopedia notes, “It thus appears that the present titles of the gospels are not traceable to the Evangelists themselves.”

Jesus Was Never Mentioned by Other Writers During That Time

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If you lived during Jesus’s time, then you’d know how much of a radical He was. Given this, one might find it weird that other famous authors during His time didn’t even mention His existence, nor His apostles! An excerpt from The Christ: A Critical Review and Analysis of the Evidence of His Existence by John E. Remsburg goes, “Enough of the writings of the authors named in the foregoing list remains to form a library. Yet in this mass of Jewish and Pagan literature, aside from two forged passages in the works of a Jewish author and two disputed passages in the works of Roman writers, there is to be found no mention of Jesus Christ.”

There Are No First Century Secular Evidence to Support Jesus’s Existence

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It might seem surprising to some, but birth certificates, death certificates, trial records, and the like already existed in ancient Rome. However, there were no such documents associated with Jesus Christ. He had no records of birth, death, and trials—which could be considered questionable for some, given the radical waves He brought upon society during His time.

The Gospels That Do Talk About Jesus Contradict Each Other

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The Bible is full of contradictions, and while it should never be taken literally, some scholars still find it odd that a book that supposedly centers on Jesus Christ contradicts itself about what He is all about. For example, the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of John seem to contradict each other regarding when Jesus appeared to the women to proclaim His resurrection and give instructions to the apostles.

Jesus’s Existence Was a Form of Psychological Warfare in Ancient Roman Times

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Joseph Atwill, an American author, argues that he has found proof that the existence of Jesus Christ was only fabricated by the Romans, who had already exhausted all the conventional means of ending the rebellion happening then. A PR release shares, “Atwill asserts that Christianity did not really begin as a religion, but a sophisticated government project, a kind of propaganda exercise used to pacify the subjects of the Roman empire.”

Modern Scholars Claim That the “Real Historical” Jesus Depict “Wildly Different” People

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Aligned with Joseph Atwill’s claims is Robert M. Price’s theory that the “real historical” Jesus simply wasn’t feasible. In his book, he said, “The historical Jesus—if there was one—might well have been a messianic king, or a progressive Pharisee, or a Galilean shaman, or a magus, or a Hellenistic sage. But he cannot very well have been all of them at the same time.” He also adds that “a Jesus” with so many forms, such as what he mentioned, could also be considered a magician, prophet, and more. In short, one can never be sure of His true and certain form!

The Catholic Church Is Deemed as the “Ultimate Story Maker” for Their Convenience

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Many non-believers and people of different faiths have said time and time again that Christians have the tendency to twist the Bible and God’s teachings to their own benefit. Because of this, some also believe that the church is only making up stories about Jesus for their own convenience. After all, people think this is the only way they can justify some of the horrific acts they’ve committed over the centuries.

Paul Was a Grifter Who Had Hallucinations

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St. Paul and his letters are supposedly one of the best pieces of evidence that prove Jesus Christ’s existence because they were written decades before the oldest gospel. However, some people argue that what St. Paul said about Jesus cannot be trusted, as he had an illness that prevented him from being a reliable source. Aside from never meeting Jesus in the flesh and not being part of His apostles, St. Paul was also likely an epileptic who experienced ecstatic auras. Seizures of this nature could have been deemed a mystic experience; this coincides with the fact that he only saw Jesus Christ in what he considered a vision.

Non-believers Are Banking on the Christ Myth Theory

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Bruno Bauer, a historian and theologian in the 19th century, proposed the Jesus myth hypothesis. He was a Hegelian thinker who believed that the Alexandrian Jew Philo, who was still alive in 40 CE, was the true father of Christianity. In his theory, Christianity was also primarily influenced by the stoic Seneca. Alongside this, he believed that Seneca’s philosophy influenced the Evangelist Mark, one of the four Evangelists who had a gospel in the New Testament.

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20 Things You’re Doing That Make You a Bad Neighbor

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People have different personalities; that’s a fact. When you move somewhere with a tight-knit community, you will get to know many people who will either clash with your personality or make you feel like you’ve found a new friend. However, no matter what it is, remember to establish boundaries. If you don’t, you might soon see a lot of bad blood between you and other people in the community!

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20 Christian Practices That Confuse and Puzzle Others

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All regions differ in some way. Catholics collect saint cards and plan their vacations around religious sights, and Buddhists believe in karma and reincarnation. Like them, Christians also practice some things that are simply unheard of or puzzling for others. They practice tithing, cast out demons, and more!

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Author: Karen Danao


Karen is a writer and also a marketing and advertising professional. Beyond the keyboard and the screen, she is someone who’s out to enjoy every bit that life has to offer!

Poetry, philosophy, history, and movies are all topics she loves writing about! However, her true passion is in traveling, photography, and finding common ground to which everyone from different cultures can relate.